Supreme Court is itself manifesting the Gender Disparity. Even after the 68 years of its existence, Supreme Court of India has only eight woman judge. In fact, in its initial four decades, it has no women judge. However, in 1989, Justice Fatima Beevi was appointed in October 1989 who served till 1992. Further, Justice Sujata v. Monohar was appointed and she was the first women judge to be appointed in the Bombay High Court in 1978. She had studied Philosophy, Politics, and Economics at Lady Margeret Hall, Oxford. After that, justice Ruma Pal has been the longest-serving woman judge till the date. She has openly criticised lack of transparency in judicial appointments. After her, it was in the year 2010 when a new female judge, Justice Gyan Sudha Mishra was elevated to Supreme Court; she rendered landmark decisions regarding the legality of passive euthanasia. Subsequent to her, Justice Ranjana Prasad Desai was appointed as the judge in 2011.
At present, there are only two judges in the Apex court namely Justice R Banumathi and Justice Indu Malhotra. Justice Banumathi was appointed in August 2014. Justice Indu Malhotra is the first women advocate to get direct elevation to the Supreme Court from the bar. She has made her place on the bench which heard the matter pertaining to de-criminalizing homosexuality. With the appointment of Justice Indira Banerjee, now the Apex Court is having three sitting judges simultaneously for the first time. Still, gender imbalance can be felt which manifests in gender stereotypes prevailing even in the Apex Court.
Tags : #India #TAxLegal #GenderDisparity #WomenJudges