Country’s high-level population brings it yet another setback. The WWF says that India faces a great risk in terms of its soil biodiversity. WWF made a risk index which assessed countries on the parameters of loss of ground diversity, pollution and nutrient accumulation, overgrazing, intensive agriculture, fire, soil, desertification etc. Marked red on the world map India was among the highest risk bearing countries others being Pakistan, North America, China, countries of Africa and Europe. The soil ecosystem includes microorganisms, microfauna and macrofauna such ants, termites etc. Ravi Singh CEO, WWF India says that this year the main concern of the report was the imminent danger to the soil ecosystem and the pollinators which include bees and butterflies. Citing a study from the TN agricultural University, he said 50 million hectares of an agricultural land demands 150 million bee colonies of which mere 1.2 million are available. Other creatures which have been affected due to increased ecological footprint are reptiles, birds, mammals, amphibians and fishes which have decreased in population by 60%. Freshwater dwellers are have declined by a colossal of 83% and wetlands affected to 87%. WWF blames over-exploitation of natural resources and agricultural as main culprits of the scenario. India though ranks least in ecological footprint yet its high population has spoilt the game. WWF suggests setting a goal for biodiversity recovery, developing measurable indicators for progress should be done to tackle the situation.
Tags : #India#Environment#Danger to Soil