Today the Supreme Court delivered the historical judgment in the politically sensitive case of Ram Janmbhoomi-Babri Masjid land dispute in Ayodhya. The Ram Janmbhoomi-Babri Masjid land dispute is 70 years old dispute between the Hindu and the Muslim parties for the ownership of the 2.77 acre disputed land in Ayodhya.
A Five-Judge Constitution Bench headed by Chief Justice of India, Ranjan Gogoi, comprising Justices S.A. Bobde, D. Y. Chandrachud, Ashok Bhushan and S. A. Nazeer delivered the judgment unanimously. The SC has given the entire disputed site 2.77 acres to the Ram Lalla and it ordered the Central Government to form a trust within three months to monitor the construction of a Ram temple. The Sunni Waqf Board will be given 5 acre alternate land of in Ayodhya itself for building a mosque. And the Supreme Court has dismissed the pleas of Shia Waqf Board and Nirmohi Akahara.
While reading the judgment, the Supreme Court pointed out the following points:
Firstly, the SC said that it has dismissed the plea of Shia Central Board of Waqf.
Secondly, it said that it has also dismissed the plea of Nirmohi Akahara .
Further, the Supreme Court considering the Archaeological Survey of India(ASI) report declared that the Babri masjid was not built on the vacant land.
The SC said that there was a temple before the Masjid was built. But it also said that there is no evidence that a temple was demolished to build a masjid.
The SC added that the Muslims don’t have the exclusive right on the land. It has also said that there is no evidence of Namaz from the British era.
It also added that there is evidence of belief that birthplace of Lord Rama was inside the structure.
Finally, the SC declared that the Muslims will be given 5 acre alternate land in Ayodhya itself as they failed to prove their exclusive right on the land.
And the SC, gave the entire disputed site to the Ram Lalla and it ordered the Central Government to form a trust within 3 months to monitor the construction of the Ram temple on the disputed site.
Fourteen appeals have been filed in the Supreme Court against the 2010 Allahabad High Court judgment, delivered in four civil suits, that the 2.77-acre land in Ayodhya be partitioned equally among the three parties - the Sunni Waqf Board, the Nirmohi Akhara and Ram Lalla.
Initially, as many as five lawsuits were filed in the lower court. The first one was filed by Gopal Singh Visharad, a devotee of ''Ram Lalla'', in 1950 to seek enforcement of the right to worship of Hindus at the disputed site.
In the same year, the Paramahansa Ramachandra Das had also filed the lawsuit for continuation of worship and keeping the idols under the central dome of the now-demolished disputed structure.
The plea was later withdrawn.
Later, the Nirmohi Akahara also moved the trial court in 1959 seeking management and ''shebaiti'' (devotee) rights over the 2.77 acre disputed land.
Then came the lawsuit of the Uttar Pradesh Sunni Central Wakf Board which moved the court in 1961, claiming title right over the disputed property.
The deity, ''Ram Lalla Virajman'', through next friend and former Allahabad High Court judge Deoki Nandan Agrawal, and the Janmbhoomi (the birthplace) moved the lawsuit in 1989, seeking title right over the entire disputed property on the key ground that the land itself has the character of the deity and of a ''Juristic entity''.
Later, all the lawsuits were transferred to the Allahabad High Court for adjudication following the demolition of the disputed Ram Janmbhoomi-Babri Masjid structure on December 6, 1992, sparking communal riots in the country.
The Supreme Court had on August 6 commenced day-to-day proceedings in the case as the mediation proceedings initiated to find the amicable resolution had failed. It concluded its final hearing on October 16 and reserved its judgment.
Finally, on this day the Supreme Court delivered its judgment.
Tags : #Supreme Court of India #Uttar Pradesh Government