For the first time in the Indian history, a state has been bifurcated into two Union territories (UTs) even though there are various examples of a UT becoming a full state or aa state bifurcating into two states. The state of Jammu and Kashmir ceased to exist at midnight Wednesday and was bifurcated into two Union territories of Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh respectively.
The two UTs came into existence when the nation celebrated ‘National Unity Day’ to mark the birth anniversary of the country’s first Home minister, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, who is credited for the merger of over 560 states into the Union of India.
IAS officers Girish Chandra Murmu and R.K. Mathur have been appointed as the new Lieutenant Governors (LG) for the Union territories of Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh respectively.
With this, the Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir and the Ranbir Penal Code ceased to exist from Thursday.
G.C. Murmu took oath on Thursday as the first lieutenant governor of the Union territory of Jammu and Kashmir. The oath of office was administered by Jammu and Kashmir Chief Justice, Gita Mittal at a simple function held at Raj Bhawan at the foothills of the Zaberwan range.
R.K. Mathur also took oath on Thursday as the first lieutenant governor of Union territory of Ladakh and retired as the Chief Information Commissioner of India in 2018.
The Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019 came into effect on 31 October, 2019. The act contains provisions to reconstitute the state of Jammu and Kashmir into two Union territories, one to be called Jammu and Kashmir, and the other Ladakh. The act states that the appointed day for the two UTs is October 31 and it will come into existence in the midnight of Wednesday.
According to the Act, the UT of Jammu and Kashmir will have a legislature like Puducherry while Ladakh will be a UT without legislature like Chandigarh and both the UTs will be headed by two separate lieutenant governors.
The Centre will have direct control over the police and the law and order in UT of Jammu and Kashmir while the land will be under the elected government there.
The UT of Ladakh will be under the direct control of the Central government which will administer it through the lieutenant governor. The Senior IAS officer Umang Narula was appointed as advisor to Ladakh’s LG and S.S. Khandare police head of the UT.
Now currently, the total number of states in the country is 28 and the number of Union territories is 9.
Tags : #Union Territories #Central Government #IAS