News By/Courtesy: Riddhima Kedia | 20 May 2020 14:04pm IST

HIGHLIGHTS

  • THE WHA ADOPTED A RESOLUTION TO BATTLE THE GLOBAL PANDEMIC THAT CLAIMED OVER 3 LAKH LIVES.
  • THE DRAFT RESOLUTION DIRECTS “IMPARTIAL, INDEPENDENT AND COMPREHENSIVE EVALUATION”.
  • THE WHA HAS ELECTED INDIA TO CHAIR THE EXECUTIVE BOARD OF WHO.

In the seven paged draft resolution the signatory countries have requested the Director-General of WHO Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus to work with the Organisation for Animal Health, to conduct scientific and collaborative field missions and to identify the zoonotic source of the virus and the route of introduction to the human population, including the possible role of intermediate hosts.
“Continue to work closely with the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and countries, as part of the One-Health Approach to identify the zoonotic source of the virus and the route of introduction to the human population, including the possible role of intermediate hosts, including through efforts such as scientific and collaborative field missions, which will enable targeted interventions and a research agenda to reduce the risk of similar events as well as to provide guidance on how to prevent SARS-COV2 infection in animals and humans and prevent the establishment of new zoonotic reservoirs, as well as to reduce further risks of emergence and transmission of zoonotic diseases,” reveals the proposed draft.
The signatory countries also asked the Director-General to “initiate at the earliest appropriate moment…a stepwise process of impartial, independent, and comprehensive evaluation” of the international response, and the actions of the WHO and its “timeline” of the pandemic.
The draft asks the member states to “put in place a whole of government and whole of society response” by implementing a “national, cross-sectoral COVID-19 action plan that outlines both immediate and long term actions to sustainably strengthen their health system and social care and support systems, preparedness, surveillance, and response capacities as well as take into account, according to the national context, WHO guidance”.
Along with India and 62 other countries, a drafted resolution led by Australia and the EU has been signed to “identify the zoonotic source of the virus and the route of its introduction to the human population, including the possible role of intermediate hosts” at World Health Organisation’s assembly meet.  
On Monday, the World Health Organisation (WHO) stated to initiate an independent evaluation at the earliest appropriate moment.
On Tuesday, the Chinese foreign ministry spokesperson Zhao Lijian said, "China has co-sponsored the draft resolution backed by 120 countries. We hope the draft resolution can be adopted by consensus at the 73rd WHA and will be implemented accurately and comprehensively".
Approximately 48 lakhs people have been affected due to Covid-19, the epicenter of this pandemic has always pointed towards Wuhan. A global backlash is being faced by the World Health Organisation along with China.
India has set up a research and development team to identify how the Sars-CoV-2 virus that causes Covid-19 is transmitted from animals to humans and conducts an ‘impartial’ evaluation of the World Health Organisation’s response to the pandemic, according to the proposed resolution.
In March, Prime Minister Modi marked India’s stand at the G20 summit where he supported WHO’s reform and mentioned the need for transparency and accountability.
The data from Reuters suggests that the drafted resolution has been supporting by 116 countries out of 194 member countries in the WHO, including 27 European Union (EU) nations
The drafted resolution is head steered by Australia and is supported by Albania, Bangladesh, Belarus, Bhutan, Botswana, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Japan, Mexico, Monaco, Montenegro, Mozambique, New Zealand, North Macedonia, Norway, Paraguay, Peru, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Russian Federation, San Marino, Sierra Leone, South Africa, the European Union and its Member States, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and Zambia.
India stands amongst the 10 nations to join the executive board of the World Health Organisation for three years.
The other new members include Botswana, Colombia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Madagascar, Oman, Republic of Korea, Russia, and the United Kingdom.
The WHO Executive Board comprises of 34 individuals who will hold two meetings annually -- the first one in January and a shorter meeting in May just after the World Health Assembly.
At the 147th session of the executive board on May 22, the election of the chair, vice-chairs, and rapporteurs will take place. India will take over as chairperson. Currently, Dr. Hiroki Nakatani of Japan is the Chairman of the WHO Executive Board.

Section Editor: Pushpit Singh | 20 May 2020 14:37pm IST


Tags : The drafted resolution has been support by 116 countries out of 194 member countries in the WHO, including 27 European Union (EU) nations

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