News By/Courtesy: TEJAS SHIVALKAR | 31 May 2020 10:03am IST

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Quality not only is dictated by medical treatment, but also by non-medical determinants
  • The commitment to public safety includes the aspects essential for a safe existence
  • Infectious diseases, especially new and emerging diseases, have a high level of morbidity and mortality and adversely affect public health and the economy

Quality not only is dictated by medical treatment, but also by non-medical determinants. Both these health determinants need multi-sectoral cooperation and interdisciplinary communication in order to be tackled by a public health approach. Although major changes in public health have been in effect since the 1950s, India undergoes demographic and environmental transformations that contribute to disease burdens. The risk of diseases is threefold, in other words, infectious disorders transmissible, non-communicable, and evolving. And through an effective public health program will this heavy risk of sickness, injury, and death be complied with. The growth of public health in India has, however, been extremely slow because of low public health expenditure, very few institutes in Indian public health and poor national public health education standards. In recent years there have been efforts in India to improve public health by launching NRHM, upgrading the IPHS health system, launching more public health classes at some medical colleges and public health institutions, and enhancing the IDSP government and district working efficiency.
Ancient definitions of health provided by WHO says: "health is not merely the absence of disease, but it is a state of physical, mental and social wellbeing." The health and the well being of people are not the only contributors to medicine or curative services. There are several other health determinants including environmental, biological, socio-economic, information and communication, health services available, use of health services, population age structure, etc. By influencing these factors, we can play a significant role in improving health.
The commitment to public safety includes the aspects essential for a safe existence. It regulates the disease by fostering wellness, preserving and repairing, and regenerating. Furthermore, disease reporting that advises on existing and emergent problems of public safety is the central feature of public safety. Many essential roles involve collaboration creation, legislative/policy design, strategy/strategies, and the production of human resources.
In developing countries such as India, evolving infectious diseases are a big public health issue. Countries like India are susceptible to rapidly shifting micro-organisms due to current environmental, social-economic, and demographic factors. More than 30 different viruses, including Aids, Vibrio cholera O139, SARS, coronavirus, extremely pathogens avian influenza A, and modern H1N1 virus have been detected over the last three decades worldwide. In Asian industrialized countries, several of these species have appeared.
Infectious diseases, especially new and emerging diseases, have a high level of morbidity and mortality and adversely affect public health and the economy. For instance in Beed district in Maharashtra and Surat, Gujarat, a major outbreak occurred nearly a quarter of a century ago that had not occurred in any part of India, leading to tremendous economic loss for the region.
THIS ARTICLE DOES NOT INTEND TO HURT THE SENTIMENTS OF ANY INDIVIDUAL, COMMUNITY, SECT, OR RELIGION ETCETRA. THIS ARTICLE IS BASED PURELY ON THE AUTHOR'S PERSONAL VIEWS AND OPINIONS THE EXERCISE OF THE FUNDAMENTAL RIGHT GUARANTEED UNDER ARTICLE 19(1)(A) AND OTHER RELATED LAWS BEING  FORCE IN INDIA FOR THE TIME BEING.

Section Editor: Pushpit Singh | 03 Jun 2020 14:02pm IST


Tags : Public health

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