News By/Courtesy: Daksh Dave | 04 Jun 2020 21:13pm IST

HIGHLIGHTS

  • World Environment Day
  • June 5
  • Pandemic

The World Day of the Environment, celebrated on June 5th, is not nearly as famous as Earth Day, an environmental holiday that turned 50 years old on April 22nd of this year. But this isn't just a duplicate, niche holiday. The World Day of the Earth has a different past and emphasis.  Unlike Earth Day, which originated as a grassroots movement in the United States, World Environment Day has always been a cooperative global undertaking sponsored by the United Nations.

The United Nations General Assembly designated 5 June 1972 as World Environment Day, the first day of the Stockholm Conference on the Environment.

The United Nations is setting up international observance days to educate its members and the population at large on the issues that are part of the mandate of the organization; to rally political will and energy to tackle social problems internationally and to celebrate what humanity can do as they unite. The first World Environment Day celebration took place in 1974. Since then, each year, a day has been used to draw attention to a different environmental issue or theme.

In 1988, Bangkok, Thailand, sponsored key festivities on the subject of environmental sustainability. Each year, the obligation for the primary celebrations transfers to another government.

The United States became the first North American nation to host the San Francisco ceremonies in 2005. The theme was green cities that year. Former Vice President Al Gore and future California Governor Gavin Newsom, both prominent environmentalists, participated in the event. Their presence has increased the popularity of holidays in the U.S.

Human activities have significantly affected three-quarters of the world's land surface – land use is also a major factor in climate change. It has been reported that almost 2/3rd of the ocean is affected by humans, through pollution from industrial waste, fishing, oil spills, and dumps of garbage. Species are going endangered and extinct at a hundred times faster than they were for the 10 million years. It is predicted that by the year 2030, one out of four species existing today would become extinct. Scientists had declared this as the 6th mass extinction in history.

There is a strong link between ecosystems and the epidemics. Coronaviruses cause about 1 billion cases of infection and millions of deaths per year. About 75% of emerging infections in humans are spread from animals to humans. The risk of contracting zoonotic diseases increases as human actions interact with natural ecosystems, causing wildlife pathogens to spill over to livestock and humans. The prevention and response to emerging zoonotic diseases need resolving the effect of human activity on natural systems.

THIS ARTICLE DOES NOT INTEND TO HURT THE SENTIMENTS OF ANY INDIVIDUAL, COMMUNITY, SECT, OR RELIGION ETCETERA. THIS ARTICLE IS BASED PURELY ON THE AUTHOR'S PERSONAL VIEWS AND OPINIONS IN THE EXERCISE OF THE FUNDAMENTAL RIGHT GUARANTEED UNDER ARTICLE 19(1)(A) AND OTHER RELATED LAWS BEING FORCE IN INDIA, FOR THE TIME BEING.

Section Editor: Pushpit Singh | 04 Jun 2020 22:36pm IST


Tags : World Environment Day on June 5

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