News By/Courtesy: Riddhima Kedia | 27 Jun 2020 21:23pm IST

HIGHLIGHTS

  • UN Charter
  • Importance of veto in this case
  • How can China be removed and why it cannot be removed?

CAN CHINA BE REMOVED FROM UNSC?
All those of us calling for China’s removal from the United Nations Security Council are majorly Indian and the reason is as clear as crystal, the aggression of Chinese troops at the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in Ladakh has made it difficult for the Indian to cooperate any further.

An American Senator Ted Yoho of the ruling Republic Party considered the views in May-end. In a live interview when an American citizen suggested that China should be held accountable for turning the coronavirus outbreak into a pandemic, Ted Yoho said, “That's music to my ear”.

He further said, “The UN has no policing authority, no way to hold a member accountable and I think and your point is exactly what needs to happen. If the members of the Security Council don't follow through on their commitments, they don't need to be on the Security Council. This is something we've talked to Secretary [Mike] Pompeo and other parts of the state departments and administration”.

The bigger question on the ground is that can one of the most powerful bodies in the world, China be removed from the UNSC?
The United Nations Charter did not draw up any such possibility, the article 24 of the charter reveals the Security Council’s "primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security" and requires the Security Council to act following the UN’s purpose and principles. It further talks on the procedure that has to be undergone for the selection of 10 non-permanent members of the security council.

Recently, India has become a non-permanent member of the transparency watchdog, United Nations Security Council for 2 years. It implies that China or any other permanent member cannot be removed neither can a new permanent member be added unless an amendment is made in the UN Charter.

The procedure for the amendments is laid down in the 18th chapter of the UN charter. This chapter reveals that the consent and ratification of two-thirds of the 193-members of the General Assembly are required for any kind of amendment. It must also have the approval of all the five permanent members of the security council.

So the clear idea behind these provisions is that China will approve its sacking from the UNSC and thus, it cannot be removed by anybody.

On major questions of reforms in the Security Council for giving seats to countries like India, Germany, and Japan. China will use its veto for any moves against it.
However, there is another possibility as according to Chapter 2 (article 6) of the UN Charter reveals that a member country can be expelled for persistent violation of the principles contained in the charter.

The People’s Republic of China continued disregard for territorial sovereignty of other member countries since the 1950s which makes it a strong case for punitive action against the country's autocratic regime. But it has never been considered by world powers.

However, in this hard time of COVID-19 pandemic, leaderships of several countries including the UNSC members have gone on record for fixing China's accountability for the loss of lives and livelihood on the planet, and this might make it hard for China to win its battle.

THIS ARTICLE DOES NOT INTEND TO HURT THE SENTIMENTS OF ANY INDIVIDUAL, COMMUNITY, SECT, OR RELIGION ETCETRA. THIS ARTICLE IS BASED PURELY ON THE AUTHOR'S PERSONAL VIEWS AND OPINIONS IN THE EXERCISE OF THE FUNDAMENTAL RIGHT GUARANTEED UNDER ARTICLE 19(1)(A) AND OTHER RELATED LAWS BEING FORCE IN INDIA FOR THE TIME BEING.

 

Section Editor: Pushpit Singh | 28 Jun 2020 10:20am IST


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