News By/Courtesy: Muskan Chanda | 01 Jul 2020 17:45pm IST

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Millions of girls go missing in India: UNsays
  • The sex ratio of newborns has changed because of sex-selective abortions take place across the world.
  • China and India together account for 90% to 95% of missing female birth annually worldwide because of the gender-biased sex selection

Millions of girls lost the battle of life even before they were born.

Millions of females go ‘missing’ as a medical procedure takes hold. The State of World Population 2020 report released by United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) on Tuesday, says India accounts for the vast majority of “missing females” with 45.8 million of the world’s 142.6 million over the past 50 years. India along with China forms the majority of such females globally.

The sex ratio of newborns has changed because of sex-selective abortions take place across the world. The World Organizations for Sexual and Reproductive Health agency said that the number of missing girls has increased from 61 million to a cumulative 142.6 million over the past 50 years. Of this global figure, India accounted for 45.8 and China accounted for 72.3 million.

According to the report, between 2013-2017, about 460,000 females were missing at birth each year, gender-biased sex selection accounts for two-thirds of the total missing girls, and post-birth female mortality accounts for the rest.

According to the data cited by the experts, China and  India together account for 90% to 95% of missing female birth annually worldwide because of the gender-biased sex selection, and both the nations also account for the largest number of births every year.

The report notes that Governments of both the nation have also taken measures to address the root cause of gender selection and to change gender stereotypes.

The government of India had started many campaigns like ‘Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao’ Abhiyan and ‘Apni Beti, Apna Dhan’ for women empowerment and to change the attitudes of the people. There is also an act implemented in 2003, PCPNDT (Prohibition of Sex Selection) Act (Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, 2003), intended “to provide for the prohibition of sex selection, before or after conception, and for the regulation of pre-natal diagnostic techniques to detect abnormalities or metabolic disorders or chromosomal abnormalities or certain congenital malformations or sex-linked disorders and for the prevention of their misuse for sex determination leading to female foeticide and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto”. But still, there is a need to spread more awareness amongst the backward classes of the society and in the villages of India.

The demographic imbalance will have an impact on the marriage system. As the marriage squeeze has already been observed in many countries, this could result in more child marriages, the report said.

So it is important to uplift the status of women in society.

THIS ARTICLE DOES NOT INTEND TO HURT THE SENTIMENTS OF ANY INDIVIDUAL, COMMUNITY, SECT, OR RELIGION ETCETERA. THIS ARTICLE IS BASED PURELY ON THE AUTHOR'S PERSONAL VIEWS AND OPINIONS IN THE EXERCISE OF THE FUNDAMENTAL RIGHT GUARANTEED UNDER ARTICLE 19(1)(A) AND OTHER RELATED LAWS BEING FORCED IN INDIA, FOR THE TIME BEING.

Section Editor: Pushpit Singh | 01 Jul 2020 21:23pm IST


Tags : #missinggirls #genderbiasness #inequality #girlchildkilling

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