News By/Courtesy: Riya Singh | 28 Jul 2020 13:11pm IST

HIGHLIGHTS

  • A disrupted sleep-wake cycle can trigger respiratory illnesses and allergies, especially in teenagers
  • The recent study was published in the journal ERJ Open Research
  • Asthma symptoms are known to be strongly linked to the body's internal clock, but this is the first study to look at how individual sleep preferences influence asthma risk in teenagers

These days, you would find most teens waking up late in the morning because they slept late. Those who have made this a routine are highly likely to develop asthma and allergies in later life. A study has found that these health problems are linked to the sleep cycle. A disrupted sleep-wake cycle can trigger respiratory illnesses and allergies, especially in teenagers.

The recent study was published in the journal ERJ Open Research.

Asthma symptoms are known to be strongly linked to the body's internal clock, but this is the first study to look at how individual sleep preferences influence asthma risk in teenagers.

Researchers say the study reinforces the importance of sleep timing for teenagers and opens up a new channel of research into how sleep affects teenagers’ respiratory health.

The study was led by Dr. Subhabrata Moitra from the division of pulmonary medicine at the University of Alberta, Canada, who carried out the research while at the Barcelona Institute for Global Health, Spain.

He said: “Asthma and allergic diseases are common in children and adolescents across the world and the prevalence is increasing. We know some of the reasons for this increase, such as exposure to pollution and tobacco smoke, but we still need to find out more.

“Sleep and the ‘sleep hormone’ melatonin are known to influence asthma, so we wanted to see if adolescents’ preference for staying up late or going to bed early could be involved in their asthma risk.” 

This research was conducted on 1,684 teenagers who were participating in the Prevalence and Risk Factors of Asthma and Allergy-Related Diseases among Adolescents (PERFORMANCE) study. All of them were asked some questions to identify their sleep preferences; any asthma symptoms they are showing along with some other related information. The research team compared the inputs to draw the results. They found that the risk of asthma and allergies is three times more in teens who stay up late. 

Dr. Moitra adds: "Our results suggest there's a link between preferred sleep time, and asthma and allergies in teenagers. We can't be certain that staying up late is causing asthma, but we know that the sleep hormone melatonin is often out of sync in late-sleepers and that could, in turn, be influencing teenagers' allergic response.

"We also know that children and young people are increasingly exposed to the light from a mobile phone, tablets, and other devices, and staying up later at night. It could be that encouraging teenagers to put down their devices and get to bed a little earlier would help decrease the risk of asthma and allergies. That's something that we need to study more." 

This article does not intend to hurt the sentiments of any individual, community, sect, or religion etcetera. This article is based purely on the author’s personal opinion and views in the exercise of the Fundamental Rights guaranteed under Article 19(1)(A) and other related laws being enforced in India for the time being.
 

Section Editor: Pushpit Singh | 28 Jul 2020 23:10pm IST


Tags : #teenagers#asthma#allergies

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