News By/Courtesy: Nirbha Dhawan | 05 Oct 2020 19:24pm IST


  • Education policies
  • Major overhaul
  • Recent changes

Sometimes a national party tends to promise you some policies and earlier or later it tends to show up. It was in the 2014 elections that BJP promised in its poll on a reformed education system all over India.


The first Education Policy came in 1968 under the leadership of Indira Gandhi. This policy has ruled out our education system for almost 34 years. Though the first Policy was not a very successful one, because of several factors including the government falling short of funds, and education being under the state list. Yet it structured our whole education system. But after 34 years BJP replaced it with its new education policy 2020.

The new education policy aspires to see India as a knowledge hub in the world. It aims at providing engaged procedures and contributing citizens to building an equitable, inclusive, and plural society.


There has been an all in all overhaul of the education policy.


There have been considerable reforms brought to school and college education. The significance has been on the structure of the school. The new structure designed is set to be 5 + 3 + 3 + 4. Further explaining the structure is that till the age of 8 years a child will be studying three years of preschool and two years in primary school which adds up to a total of five years. On heading forward from the age of 8 to 11 years child will be covering his third grade to 5th grade. Upon attaining the age of 11, the child will be promoted to 6th grade where he will be studying till 8th grade till he is 14. And further will the child, get into his secondary stage entering into two phases of studies completing his higher education.


The undergraduate programs have also gone under major changes. There now, the undergraduate programs will be of four years with substantial leniency given to all. Earlier to obtain our undergraduate degree, we had to complete a full 3-year course but with alterations given now if a person drops out of the undergraduate program within one year then he will get a certificate and if drops out within two years then he will be provided with a diploma degree and graduation degree on completing the full course.


The language also has been a major focus of this NEP 2020. It is stated under NEP that till 5th grade or if possible till 8th and beyond, the medium of instruction will be the mother tongue or the regional language. And both public and private schools will have to follow the same. At earlier stages, regional languages will be taught and at later stage languages like French, German, Russian will also be offered at the instance of the students.


There in the draft, Sanskrit is one such language that will be essential to instruct.


Vocational training has been introduced in any NEP 2020. Every child will be required to learn some extracurricular activity depending upon his choice. Vocational training will include carpentry, gardening, electric work, potter, etc.


Also now the students would not be divided into streams of art/commerce/science. They will have the option to choose subjects from all the streams which hold their interest. This will aid them in learning all those which interest them and they won't be bound to study subjects which is provided under their courses only.

Not only such amendments have been brought to student life but also teachers and teaching programs are set to go under such rectification. Here the B.Ed program will be of four years and the eligibility test of the teachers will be strengthened to take into account their scores. The teachers thus will be required to attend workshops and internship which will help them develop relevant skills


The education system of our country is said to be restyled drastically. This NEP 2020 holds its main concern on the competency of a child rather than letting him cramming up his syllabus. The burden will be removed from a child's head and more practical knowledge will be provided. But all this is yet to be implemented. As of now, we are talking about stuff that is on paper and actual reality is not always the same we intend.


This article does not intend to hurt the sentiments of any individual, community, sect, or religion, etcetera. This article is based purely on the author’s personal opinion and views in the exercise of the Fundamental Rights guaranteed under Article 19(1)(A) and other related laws being enforced in India for the time being.


Section Editor: Pushpit Singh | 05 Oct 2020 20:43pm IST

Tags : NEP 2020, Vocational training,

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