News By/Courtesy: Nirbha Dhawan | 06 Oct 2020 22:57pm IST


  • Women in Politics
  • Challanges faced by women
  • Women leaders

Women in our country first got a reservation in politics when the 73rd constitutional amendment act came and provided for 33.3% of reservation for women in the Panchayati Raj institution across the country. Which was followed up by the women's reservation bill brought up by the 108 Amendment Act in 2008 which provided for reservation of Women in the lower house of parliament and in all state legislative assemblies. This bill was passed in Rajya Sabha but Lok Sabha is yet to give its assent to the bill. Now, what do you think is the reason for Lok Sabha not signing the bill. It might be the existing male dominance which hinders the upliftment of women in any domain.


It is in recent times that women are indulging themselves in politics. But women's participation tends to be lower than what expected. Many women have now acquired positions that were held by men only in earlier times. We have seen countries like Finland, Bolivia, Denmark, Belgium, and many more having female presidents and Prime ministers. But the scenario is not the same everywhere. There are countries we see where women don't even hold a right to Vote leave alone the right to participate in the political realm. And if one is so given, then the decision of whom to vote is upon the instance of male members of the family.


It is the ideology of the male members which the women follow.


Women are given the right to participate in politics but apparently only where there is reservation provided. Reservation is one key factor in promoting women's participation in politics and building the gap.


There are various challenges faced by women which balks them from being a leader. The first and foremost is our society or particularly to call it a patriarchal society. Women are believed to be inferior and the ones who can't make wise decisions. So it is perceived that if she can't think wisely for herself then how would she take care of her people. Like we have seen men always holding a wise judgment for its people.


Further, even if women are elected as a leader then also she is less valued than the male leader. Women are always suppressed in taking significant decisions. And also the personal life adds up more challenges to the persistent condition. The role she plays in her family, the responsibilities of her children, all this doesn't allow her to move ahead in life.


Women are not circumscribed with only this, besides they have to deal with the various mess. We see in our country that there is reservation provided for women at lower levels or at the Panchayati level. There the seats which are duly reserved for female candidates and thus creates a way for them. But it won't be wrong to say that there also, men see such provision as an underhand means for them to come into power. There will be a female candidate electing and she could win too but all the decision-making power will still be held by her family's male members obstructing her to participate actively. But this doesn't mean India lags appallingly behind in women's participation. We have seen India having great women leaders such as Indira Gandhi who was the first woman prime minister, Jayalalitha, Sushma Swaraj, Mamta Banerjee, Vasundhara Raje, and the list goes on. India has seen active women participation also. There were many women who lead organizations or movements. It was not long back when the ratio of women participation in Parliament was around 65%.


Women's participation can be increased with quality education if provided. Women leaders need to be literate so as to know their rights and to use it wisely. Legislation of the countries has to be strong to provide women, with a field where they can work without fear and hesitation. Also, financial aid should be provided to them which will ensure in narrowing down the gap, persistent.

This article does not intend to hurt the sentiments of any individual, community, sect, or religion, etcetera. This article is based purely on the author’s personal opinion and views in the exercise of the Fundamental Rights guaranteed under Article 19(1)(A) and other related laws being enforced in India for the time being.

Section Editor: Pushpit Singh | 07 Oct 2020 11:25am IST

Tags : women, leaders, challanges

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