News By/Courtesy: Gopika Sasi | 14 Sep 2020 13:29pm IST

HIGHLIGHTS

  • We witness different kinds of the solar and lunar eclipse in a year, depending on the position of Earth.
  • There are two solar eclipses in 2020.
  • There will be two eclipses of the Moon, two eclipses of the Sun, and no transits of Mercury in 2021.

We witness different kinds of the solar and lunar eclipse in a year, depending on the position of Earth. The maximum number of eclipses that can happen in a single year is eight which includes up to five solar eclipses and three lunar eclipses.

When the Sun, Earth, and the Moon align in a straight line, we witness either a solar eclipse or a lunar eclipse depending on the position of the Earth. A solar eclipse happens during the New Moon when the Moon moves between Earth and the Sun to cast a shadow on the Earth blocking the rays of the Sun. It is usually advised not to watch a solar eclipse with naked eyes as it can cause damage.

There are three kinds of solar eclipses: total, partial, and annular along with a rare hybrid that is a combination of an annular and a total eclipse. There are three kinds of lunar eclipses: a total lunar eclipse, partial lunar eclipse, and penumbral lunar eclipse based on the alignment of the three celestial bodies.

 

There are two solar eclipses in 2020. On June 21, the first solar eclipse happened. This annular solar eclipse was visible from parts of Europe, Asia, Africa, Micronesia, Indonesia, and the Middle East. The next one will take place on December 14. The next solar eclipse will be a total solar eclipse, during which the Moon will completely block off the Sun’s rays and cast a shadow over the Earth. The next solar eclipse will be visible from Pacific, Atlantic South America, and parts of Antarctica, Africa, and the Indian Ocean.

 

The first two lunar eclipses in 2020 were penumbral lunar eclipses. On January 10, the first lunar eclipse of the year happened. The next one took place on June 5 to 6. The eclipse was visible only from the western Pacific Ocean and parts of Asia, South America, Australasia, Europe, and Africa. The next lunar eclipse will also be a penumbral one. On November 30, it will be visible in India.

 

There will be two eclipses of the Moon, two eclipses of the Sun, and no transits of Mercury in 2021. 

  
This article does not intend to hurt the sentiments of any individual, community, sect, or religion, etcetera. This article is based purely on the author’s personal opinion and views in the exercise of the Fundamental Rights guaranteed under Article 19(1)(A) and other related laws being enforced in India for the time being.

Section Editor: Pushpit Singh | 14 Sep 2020 18:56pm IST


Tags : Solar eclipse, lunar eclipse, 2020

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