News By/Courtesy: Kasturi Nandi | 25 Oct 2020 18:05pm IST


  • Sports in India
  • Sports in India
  • Sports in india


            Sport in India refers to the large variety of games played in India, ranging from tribal games to more mainstream sports such as cricketbadminton, and football. India's diversity of culture, people, and tribe, as well as its colonial legacy, is reflected in the wide variety of sporting disciplines in the country. Cricket is the most popular sport in India, the country has hosted and won multiple Cricket World CupsField hockey is the most successful sport for India at the Olympics; the Indian men's team has won eight Olympic gold medalsKabaddi is the most popular indigenous sport in the country.

                 Other popular sports in India are badminton, football, shootingwrestlingboxingtennissquashweightliftinggymnasticsathleticstable tennisbasketballvolleyball, and cycling. Popular indigenous sports include chesskho-khokite-fightingleg cricketpolosnooker, and Gilli danda. India has hosted and co-hosted several international sporting events, most notably 19871996, and 2011 Cricket World Cups, the 1951 and 1982 Asian Games, the 2010 Commonwealth Games, and the 2017 FIFA U-17 World Cup. Domestic professional sports leagues in the country include the Indian Premier League (Twenty20 cricket), the I-League and the Indian Super League (football), the Pro Kabaddi League (kabaddi), the Hockey India League (hockey), Premier Badminton League (badminton), the Pro Wrestling League (wrestling), the Ultimate Table Tennis League (table tennis), and the Pro Volleyball League (volleyball). Major international sporting events annually held in India include the Chennai Open in tennis, the Indian Open in golf, and the India Open in badminton. The Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna is India's highest award for achievement in sports, while the Dronacharya Award is awarded for excellence in coaching.

                 The history of sports in India dates back to the Vedic era. Physical culture in ancient India was fuelled by religious rights. The mantra in the Atharvaveda says, "Duty is in my right hand and the fruits of victory in my left." In terms of an ideal, these words hold the same sentiments as the traditional Olympic oath: "For the Honour of my Country and the Glory of Sport."The modern game of badminton has developed from an old children's game known in England as battledore and shuttlecock, a game popular in ancient India. The battledore was a paddle and the shuttlecock a small feathered cork, now usually called a "bird".Games like chess and snakes and ladders originated from the ancient Indian games chaturanga and gyan chauper, respectively; these were later transmitted to foreign countries, where they were further modernized.During the rule of the Mughal Empire, a form of wrestling known as pehlwani developed, by combining native malla-yuddha with influences from Persian varzesh-e bastani. Political responsibility for sport in India lies with the Department of Sports under the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports; the department runs under the charge of a Secretary to the Government of India, while the ministry is headed usually by a Minister of State. A ministry-recognised National Sports Federation (NSF) represents each Olympic and non-Olympic sport, the only major exception being the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI), which is not an NSF. As of 2019, 56 NSFs are recognized by the ministry. The presence of politicians at the helm of many such federations has been criticized for causing inefficiency and corruption. Sports Authority of India, the field arm of the ministry, supports and nurtures talent in youth, and provides them with requisite infrastructure, equipment, coaching facilities, and competition exposure.

The Indian Olympic Association (IOA) is responsible for the Indian contingent's participation in the Olympic GamesCommonwealth GamesAsian Games (outdoor, indoor, and beach), and South Asian Games. The selection of the national teams is done by the respective national federations and then recommended to the IOA for official sponsorship for participation in those games




This Article Does Not Intend To Hurt The Sentiments Of Any Individual Community, Sect, Or Religion Etcetera. This Article Is Based Purely On The Authors Personal Views And Opinions In The Exercise Of The Fundamental Right Guaranteed Under Article 19(1)A And Other Related Laws Being Force In India, For The Time Being.

Section Editor: Pushpit Singh | 25 Oct 2020 23:35pm IST

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