Challenges to human rights on a global level
On 10 December 1948, the universal declaration of human rights which was an international document was adopted by the United Nations general assembly to enforce the rights and freedoms of all human beings at a global level. This was to make sure that a common code of providing basic rights to all humans all around the World was followed in order to reduce the hardships and discrimination that different sections of the population go through you on basis of religion caste gender etc. The Declaration consists of 30 articles talking about an individual's basic rights and fundamental freedom and affirming their universal character as inherent, inalienable, and applicable to all human beings throughout the world. Though there is a written document in force, have we been successful in implementing and executing their human rights globally?
Here are some of the challenges that are faced in enforcing human rights at a global level:
1) Weak enforcement institution
When the bill of international human rights was passed various enforcement institutions in every country were given the responsibility of enforcing human rights so that there is the proper execution of the said Universal declaration. The Committee of Economic Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR), the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner on Human Rights, the Committee on the Rights of the Child, etc. were envisaged with the responsibility of promoting human rights however if you see in some countries these institutions do not get proper funding and are not allowed to function freely hence are unable to enforce human rights.
2) Lack of democracy
All over the world, the different forms of governance systems are followed which include democracy, monarchy, communism, etc. democracy is a form of Government which gives maximum rights to citizens however all countries do not follow democracy hence in case a country is following Monarchy they don't even consider the United Nations declaration of human rights of any value. Therefore making it impossible to enforce the fundamental right among citizens.
3) Discrimination among different sections
Within our societies for ages, there has been discrimination among different sections which could be based on caste, gender norms, etc. This is usually done in the name of religion, traditions, and culture. People with rigid mentality are not willing to accept the universal declaration to mend their ways for the better hence it is becoming difficult to enforce these human rights.
4) Violence resulting from armed conflict
Many countries in the world are going through some armed rebellion conflicts, war, terrorism, violence, etc. Which makes it not possible to enforce these fundamental human rights. This is usually due to the displaced people and no proper enforcement of these rights in situations like these.
Overall after the universal declaration of human rights, there is a need for better implementation and execution of the said rights so that there are global peace and equality.
This Article Does Not Intend To Hurt The Sentiments Of Any Individual Community, Sect, Or Religion Etcetera. This Article Is Based Purely On The Authors Personal Views And Opinions In The Exercise Of The Fundamental Right Guaranteed Under Article 19(1)(A) And Other Related Laws Being Force In India, For The Time Being.
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