News By/Courtesy: Arya A. Kudchadker | 28 Oct 2020 15:03pm IST


  • Importance of General exception
  • What it presents
  • Can a person be held liable under these sections

General explanations under the Indian Penal Code 1860


The Indian Penal Code 1860 is the official criminal code of India. It is a comprehensive code intended to cover all substantive aspects of criminal law. It was enacted under the leadership of Thomas Macaulay in 1860. It consists of 576 sections and 23 parts. It is a given in chapter II of the Indian Penal Code which basically gives the definitions of certain words that will be used further in the code. Some of these words are also subject to certain exceptions. Section 6 up to 52a due to the concept of general explanations.


Section 6 deals with the definitions in the code that are to be understood subject to the exceptions. It says that throughout the code whenever there is a question of the definition of an offense for every penal provision and every illustration of such definition or any provision shall be understood that the exceptions contained in chapter 2 to do those exceptions are not repeated in such definition in a provision or illustration. Section 5 deals with the sense of expression once explained, where it says that every expression which is explained in any part of the code is used in every part of this code in conformity with that same explanation.


Section 8 deals with gender where it says that the English pronoun he and its derivatives are to be used for any person which could be male-female and other sex. Section 9 deals with a number which says that words that are being shown are a plural number include a singular number and vice versa that words importing the singular number include the plural number unless the contrary appears from the context. Similarly, Mera video the sections that deal with other words to give the definition. Some of the most important include:

Section 19 talks about the judge which says that adjust normally notes every person who is officially designated as but also every person who is empowered by law to give civil or criminal definitive judgment in any legal proceedings or judgment which if not appealed against would we definitely have or judgment which in conformity by some other authority would be indefinite leave who is one of a body of a person which body of a person is empowered by law to gives a judgment.


Section 21 talks about a public servant section 22 talks about movable property section 23 of wrongful gain section 24 is about dishonesty unified used for elderly section 28 deals about fraudulently section 29 deals about document section 29a is a recent amendment that deals with electronic record section 30 deal with valuable security section 33 deals with action omission section 39 talks for voluntary section 40 talks about offense section 52 talks about good faith. The most important section is section 34 which talks about acts done by several persons in furtherance of a common intention. 


Though under IPC part II no person can be held liable these words form a major part for defining various provisions under the IPC for the parts.



This Article Does Not Intend To Hurt The Sentiments Of Any Individual Community, Sect, Or Religion Etcetera. This Article Is Based Purely On The Authors Personal Views And Opinions In The Exercise Of The Fundamental Right Guaranteed Under Article 19(1)(A) And Other Related Laws Being Force In India, For The Time Being.

Section Editor: Pushpit Singh | 28 Oct 2020 19:04pm IST

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