News By/Courtesy: Arya A. Kudchadker | 15 Nov 2020 11:19am IST


  • The situation in India during the 1975 emergency
  • The situation in India during the 1975 emergency
  • The situation in India during the 1975 emergency

The situation in India during the Emergency

In 1975, after the declaration of Emergency, the rules and regulations related to elections were amended with great cunning and impudence. Indira Gandhi's appeal was accepted in the Supreme Court to reverse the Allahabad High Court's decision to cancel her election from Rae Bareli parliamentary constituency. It is clear that the Emergency was declared only for personal gains and to save power. Therefore, when Mrs. Gandhi requested the President to declare the Emergency, she did not even consult her cabinet. The reasons for the imposition of Emergency, which the Indira Gandhi government stated in its 'White Paper', are absolutely irrelevant.

Even before the declaration of Emergency, the Chief Secretaries of all the states were ordered to arrest the opposition leaders. Almost all the prominent MPs were in the prisoners. The purpose of their arrest was to make Parliament so that Indira Gandhi could do whatever she wanted. In those days, the Congress had feared opposition in its own party as well. Therefore, when other opposition leaders, including Jayaprakash Narayan, were arrested, Congress executive member Chandrashekhar and parliamentary party secretary Ramdhan were also arrested.

The information about the arrest of big leaders was not even given to their relatives, friends and colleagues. No news was given about where they were kept. There was no chance of meeting for two months. There are hundreds of examples of torturing detainees, keeping them in private, not getting treatment, and locking them in the closet from six in the evening. About 15 thousand people were arrested in the first week of the Emergency. His post was censored and when permission was also received to meet, intelligence officers were stationed there. Needless to say how the behavior of jail officers would have been in such a situation. In fact, these officers themselves were scared.

The victims of police repression in hawks were often those activists who used to organize and distribute propaganda material while conducting the Satyagraha. There are many examples of police atrocities. Satya planets and underground workers were harassed with the aim of knowing the names of their allies, locating their whereabouts, and getting information about their functioning. Things like not letting sleep at night, not giving food, being thirsty, or not having any rest after feeding too much food, standing for hours, intimidating, bullying questions for weeks to weeks.

Female detainees were also treated indecently. The princesses of Jaipur (Gayatri Devi) and Gwalior (Vijayaraje Scindia) were kept with anti-social and sick prisoners. Sreelatha Swaminathan (Communist leader of Rajasthan) was greatly humiliated. Mrinal Gore (Socialist leader of Maharashtra) and Durga Bhagwat (Socialist thinker) were kept mad. Complaints of dirty jokes were also received with female prisoners.


This Article Does Not Intend To Hurt The Sentiments Of Any Individual Community, Sect, Or Religion Etcetera. This Article Is Based Purely On The Authors Personal Views And Opinions In The Exercise Of The Fundamental Right Guaranteed Under Article 19(1)(A) And Other Related Laws Being Force In India, For The Time Being. 

Section Editor: Pushpit Singh | 15 Nov 2020 18:23pm IST

Tags : #emergency1975

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