News By/Courtesy: Arya A. Kudchadker | 15 Nov 2020 11:51am IST


  • The origin of a sari
  • The origin of a sari
  • The origin of a sari

The origin of a Sari

A country is identified by its geographical location, population, political system, ethnicity, and cultural environment. Along with all these elements of identity, India is particularly known for its cultural identity on the globe. In the cultural identity, especially the costumes here have a different identity.

Most people in costumes take pride in associating the sari with Indian culture. But if we examine historical facts, then the truth seems to be something else. Let us try to give you the information about where the real origin of the sari came to you by removing the layers of this seemingly valid belief through historical facts in this article.

Whenever we see any woman wearing a sari, we associate her with Indianness. After all why should we not do this because this dress is considered nothing less than the national dress in our country. Saree is the main garment of Indian women. Whether it is embellished on Karva Chauth, Teej or any other cultural festivals, it is as if the makeup of women is not complete without a sari.

According to Sanskrit, sari literally means 'cloth strip'. In the Buddhist literature called Jataka, women's wear of ancient India is described with the word 'Sattika'. The choli has evolved from the ancient word 'stanapatta' which was referred to from the female body.

The choli came into vogue in the Deccan under the royal order of Kashmir according to the Rajatarangini composed by Kalhan. Kadambari composed by Banabhatta and the ancient Tamil poem Silappadhikaram also describe women wearing saris.

Some historians believe that the art of weaving came to India from the Mesopotamian civilization during 2800–1800 BC. Although the contemporary Indus Valley Civilization was familiar with cotton cloth and used cloth like diapers as textiles, during the archaeological survey some remnants of cotton have been found from Sindh but no evidence of weaving art has been found so far.

When the Aryans arrived in India after 1500 BCE, they used the word cloth for the first time, meaning a piece of wearable leather for them.

Over time, this style of wearing a length of cloth around the waist, especially for women, and the cloth itself became known as the navy. Therefore, we can say that the simple nappy-like cloth worn by the women of the Indus Valley Civilization was the early precursor of many magnificent saris of India.

After that there has been a change in the way we wear saris from Maurya to Sung and then from the Mughal period to the British era, such as the rectangular sari cloth used in the Maurya and Sung period, which used only the lower part of the body of women. Used to cover; After that, the length of the garment gradually increased; And then there was a revolutionary change in the Mughal period as this dress was made perfect by the art of sewing.

There are many ways to wear a saree which depends on geographical location and traditional values and interests. Kanjeevaram sarees, Banarasi sarees, Patola sarees and Hakoba are the main ones in different style sarees.

Chanderi, Maheshwari, Madhubani printing of Madhya Pradesh, coral silk of Assam, Bomkai of Orissa, Bandhej of Rajasthan, Ghatoda of Gujarat, Patula, Tussar of Bihar, Katha, Chhattisgarhi Kosa silk, silk sarees of Delhi, Jharkhandi kosa silk, Maharashtra Paithani, Kanjeevaram, Banarasi saris of Tamil Nadu, Tanchi, Jamdani, Jamwar in Uttar Pradesh and Baluchari and Kantha Tangail of West Bengal are famous sarees.


This Article Does Not Intend To Hurt The Sentiments Of Any Individual Community, Sect, Or Religion Etcetera. This Article Is Based Purely On The Authors Personal Views And Opinions In The Exercise Of The Fundamental Right Guaranteed Under Article 19(1)(A) And Other Related Laws Being Force In India, For The Time Being. 

Section Editor: Pushpit Singh | 15 Nov 2020 18:21pm IST

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