The history of environmental protection in India is very old. Harappa culture was steeped in the environment, then Vedic culture remained synonymous with environment-protection. Indian mystics considered all-natural forces as deities. Surya, the source of energy, is considered to be the deity and calls him 'Surya Devo Bhava'. Water is also considered a deity in Indian culture. Charities have been called life-giving, that's why ancient cultures grew and thrived on the banks of the corridors. Banana, peepal, basil, banyan, mango, etc. tree plants have been worshiped in Indian culture. Environmental love remained in medieval and Mughal India too. The British started the task of destroying the environment in India due to their economic benefits. Due to the destructive exploitation policy, the ecological imbalance in the Indian environment was visible in the British era itself. As a result of western influence, industrialization, and population explosion among the people of independent India, Trishna woke up which gave rise to various types of pollution in the country.
The Indian Constitution was enacted in 1950 but was not directly linked to the provisions of environmental protection. The 1972 Stockholm Conference drew the attention of the Indian government towards environmental protection. The Government amended the Constitution in 1976 to add two important Articles 48A and 51A (G). Article 48A directs the state government to 'ensure the protection and improvement of the environment, and protect the forests and wildlife of the country'. Article 51A (G) provides a duty to citizens to 'protect and promote the natural environment and be kind to all living beings'. After independence, increasing industrialization, urbanization, and population growth led to a continuous decrease in the quality of the environment. In the context of effective control and pollution in this lack of quality of the environment, the government has made several laws and rules from time to time. The mainstay of most of these was pollution control and prevention.
The following are environmental laws and regulations:
- Laws related to water pollution
- River Borders Act, 1956
- Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974
- Water Cess (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1977
- Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
- Air pollution laws
- Factories Act, 1948
This Article Does Not Intend To Hurt The Sentiments Of Any Individual Community, Sect, Or Religion Etcetera. This Article Is Based Purely On The Authors Personal Views And Opinions In The Exercise Of The Fundamental Right Guaranteed Under Article 19(1)(A) And Other Related Laws Being Force In India, For The Time Being.
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