News By/Courtesy: Arya A. Kudchadker | 20 Nov 2020 14:54pm IST


  • Satyajit Ray and the transformation of Indian cinema
  • Satyajit Ray and the transformation of Indian cinema
  • Satyajit Ray and the transformation of Indian cinema

It has been more than a quarter century since Satyajit Ray went. But his impression on cinema is not over. From Shyam Benegal to Aparna Sen, Vishal Bhardwaj, Dibakar Banerjee and Sujoy Ghosh, their impact can be seen on many well-known directors. In this sense, Ray and his work are classics.


Born in Calcutta (now Kolkata) on May 2, 1921, Satyajit Ray was only three years old when his father Sukmar Ray died. Mother Suprabha Ray brought him up after this with great difficulty. After studying economics from the Presidency College, Ray went to Shanti Niketan for further studies and stayed there for the next five years. After this, in 1943, he again moved to Calcutta and started working as a graphic designer. During this time he designed covers of many famous books, including Jim Corbett's 'Man Eaters of Kumaon' and Jawaharlal Nehru's Discovery of India.

Satyajit Ray played an important role in preparing a child version of Vibhuti Bhushan Bandhopadhyay's famous novel Pather Panchali, published in 1928. Its name was Am Antir Bheepu (mango seed whistle). Ray was also very impressed with this book. Not only did he make the cover of this book, he also prepared many sketches for it which later became beautiful and famous shots of his first film Pather Panchali.

In 1949, Satyajit Ray met French director Jan Renoa, who had come to Calcutta in search of a location for the shooting of his film The River. Ray helped Renoa find the location. During this time, Renoa felt that Ray also had the talent to be a good filmmaker. He also said this. It was from here that the idea of filmmaking began to swirl in Ray's mind 

In 1950 Ray got an opportunity to go to London with his company's work. Here he watched the ravishing films. There was also an English film 'Bicycle Thieves' whose story influenced Satyajit Ray. During his journey back to India, Pather Panchali was drawn in his mind.

Satyajit Ray started shooting for the film with a newbie team in 1952. When a new filmmaker was not ready to place a bet, he had to invest money from his own pallet. But it soon ended and the shooting stopped. Ray tried to get help from some people. But he wanted some changes in the film according to which Ray was not ready. Finally, the West Bengal government helped him and in 1955 Pather Panchali came on screen. The film made both critics and viewers happy. The film, which ran for several weeks in Kolkata, received several national and international awards. These include a special award for the Best Human Document at the Cannes Film Festival in France.

After this, Satyajit Ray directed about three dozen films during more than three decades. These include Paras Pathar, Kanchenjunga, Mahapurush, Apur Sansar, Mahanagar, Charulata, Aparajito, Goopy Gaan-Bagha Bayan. His only film was Chess Players in 1977. It was the last film of Angkut Satyajit Ray's cine career screened in 1991.

Satyajit Ray received many prestigious accolades for his matchless contribution. In 1978, he was honored by the governing committee of the Berlin Film Festival as one of the three all-time directors in the world. He received 32 National Awards from the Government of India for various genres in the field of filmmaking. Satyajit Ray was the second filmmaker to be awarded a doctorate by Oxford University. In 1985, he was awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, the highest honor of the Hindi film industry. He also received the Bharat Ratna in 1992 and the Oscar (Honorary Award for Lifetime Achievement). However, due to being very ill, he could not go to get it himself. Within a month of this, he died due to a heart attack on 23 April 1992.

Satyajit Ray was an expert in everything related to film production. These include screenplay, casting, background music, art direction, editing etc. That is, they were a kind of moving film institute. Apart from the filmmaker, he was also a storyteller, painter and film critic. Ray's sketches for children's magazines and books are considered by critics to be of excellent art. Satyajit Ray had a tremendous grip on child psychology and this is reflected in his Feluda series, which is a series of detective stories for children. Satyajit Ray was also very skilled in Calligraphy. He designed many typefaces in Bengali and English. Two of his English typefaces, Ray Roman and Ray Bijar, also won an international award in 1971.

Films made on literary works are more intensely critical of critics. Film adaptation of compositions is often criticized. But whether Pather Panchali or Shataranj's player based on Premchand's story, Satyajit Ray's films were an exception to this trend. Regarding the chess player, he said that if he had a grasp on the Hindi language, the film would have been ten times better.


This Article Does Not Intend To Hurt The Sentiments Of Any Individual Community, Sect, Or Religion Etcetera. This Article Is Based Purely On The Authors Personal Views And Opinions In The Exercise Of The Fundamental Right Guaranteed Under Article 19(1)(A) And Other Related Laws Being Force In India, For The Time Being. 

Section Editor: Pushpit Singh | 20 Nov 2020 20:39pm IST

Tags : #satyajitRay

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