News By/Courtesy: Aakash Raj | 08 Jan 2021 16:45pm IST


  • worsened air condition
  • Impact on women fertility and pregnancy loss
  • WHO Recommendations

In South Asia, researchers found that an unprecedented 349,681 pregnancy deaths per year were correlated with sensitivity to concentrations of PM2.5 that surpassed the air quality level of India. According to a modeling report published in The Lancet Planetary Health Journal, pregnant women in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh who are vulnerable to low air quality could be at higher risk of stillbirths and miscarriages. Researchers found that sensitivity to PM2.5 concentrations exceeding India's air quality level of 40 micrograms per cubic meter of small particulate matter was correlated with a reported 349,681 birth deaths per year in South Asia (PM2.5). A statement released by Tao Xue stated that their findings suggest that air pollution might be the reason for pregnancy loss in the region. He also suggested that proper action must be taken to tackle such deadly levels of pollution. The Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences' Tianjia Guan said that losing a pregnancy may have a social, physical, and economic impact on women. These include an elevated risk of postnatal depressive disorders, child mortality during later infancy, and a rise in pregnancy-related costs, such as labor loss. One of the scientist's investigations, Tianjia Guan said that reducing the loss due to pregnancy can improve gender equality in the region. The researchers observed that in the Northern Plains area in India and Pakistan, pregnancy loss associated with air pollution was more frequent. It was also stated that while the cumulative burden of pregnancy mortality has been borne mainly by rural women under the age of 30 in recent years, the burden due to PM2.5 has also impacted older mothers, aged 30 years or older, because of their high vulnerability to the adverse effects of pollution in rural areas. The team collected data from 1998-2016 household health surveys and projected PM2.5 sensitivity during pregnancy by the integration of satellite and atmospheric simulation outputs. For the period 2000-16, the researchers estimated the number of pregnancy losses that could have been caused by PM2.5 in the entire area and looked at how many pregnancy losses under the air quality norm of India and WHO may have been avoided. Studies show 34,187 women have lost pregnancy with about 27,480 miscarriages and stillborn accounting for 6,717. Of such cases of pregnancy loss, 77% were from India, 12% from Pakistan, and 11% from Bangladesh. Compared with younger mothers from urban areas, the rise in risk was higher for mothers from rural areas or those who were pregnant at an older age. While the WHO recommendations strive for a safer level of air pollution, the researchers note that considering the high average levels of air pollution in the area and the need to balance functional governance and public health, the Indian norm is a more reasonable target level.


This Article Does Not Intend To Hurt The Sentiments Of Any Individual Community, Sect, Or Religion Etcetera. This Article Is Based Purely On The Authors Personal Views And Opinions In The Exercise Of The Fundamental Right Guaranteed Under Article 19(1)(A) And Other Related Laws Being Force In India, For The Time Being.

Section Editor: Pushpit Singh | 09 Jan 2021 12:52pm IST

Tags : #SavePlanetSaveWomen #WomenFertility #ReduceMiscarriages

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