NREGA is a huge recent roaring success in India that offers poverty protection to vulnerable parts of the population, says Usha Mishra Hayes, senior UN advisor, in her book on the ever-changing world of policy that affects social protection programmes in Asian and African countries. Social security is central to sustainable growth and development, according to UNICEF, and is generally defined as a range of public and private policies and programmes directed at the prevention, reduction and removal of economic and social vulnerability to poverty and deprivation. Hayes' book takes account of the interactions and changes within India's two main social security schemes - the National Rural Job Guarantee Act (NREGA) and the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) - and labels them big initiatives that target poverty. Hayes claims that, although its commitment to food security and other development outcomes has been well developed, the project has also generated and led to the general development of socially and economically valuable infrastructure for the city. NREGA is, it claims, India's great success story of recent times. This is an entirely home-grown model, built on the heels of decades-long attempts to alleviate poverty and home-based relief services. The paper, published by Palimpsest Publishing House, says that NREGA was a success and gave protection from hunger to poor parts of the population. She also says that looking at India's urban poverty would be important here as there has been a massive push among the rural poor to move to cities looking for livelihoods. There is a concerted step to replace the take-home ration system with cash transfers in reaction to this changing situation. To do this, the government is collaborating with UNICEF and the WB as stated by Hayes. She says that countries are embarking on growth, restructuring and overhaul of current social security measures after subscribing to a global agenda. She believes that the path to the development of a national social protection scheme is never a simple one, especially in a country such as India, which has set up large-scale social security networks and social protection programmes. She says Afghanistan is a strong and encouraging symbol, she says, of the development of a social security structure in a vulnerable climate. The nation has now been able to develop a standard, predictable, cash-based social security network in 100 districts which 1/5th of all districts in the country, starting with a small start by UNICEF and the World Bank. She concludes by saying that many good government policies and activities do not emerge in the strategic planning phase for growth in a region. They start as pilots, as an experiment to assess their relevance and efficacy, and are then granted the required policy room progressively.
This Article Does Not Intend To Hurt The Sentiments Of Any Individual Community, Sect, Or Religion Etcetera. This Article Is Based Purely On The Authors Personal Views And Opinions In The Exercise Of The Fundamental Right Guaranteed Under Article 19(1)(A) And Other Related Laws Being Force In India, For The Time Being.
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