To examine and understand why and how a Dyson Sphere functions, let's look into the Kardashev scale of civilizations. The scale categorizes human evolution on the basis of energy and technology that one can harness and utilize. The first kind of civilization Called type 1 can use all the energy that is available within the planet, while a type 2 civilization can extract all the energy from its nearest star or sun, the three one can harness all the energy and extract it from different planets and stars. The second type of Kardashev classification uses a Dyson sphere to extract all the energy from its sun. In 1960 Freeman J Dyson made a publication in a journal called science regarding the sphere. Today, only a very small portion of the sun's energy is used in solar panels and other cells but it is a very insignificant amount, an advanced civilization can create miracles using this energy source. The sphere is also known as a megastructure, this is also a technology that one can probe for in the universe to identify advanced civilizations and also can accidentally track them. The sphere has structure forms a structure of a shell which is bound around the star, which has series of panels that can attract all the star's energy, the energy that the sun has is about 400 septillion watts- this energy is very massive and what we use now is quite a small segment of it. Sometimes people also suggest that the inner part of the sphere is also habitable. Do they exist? During one of the researches the infrared maps were examined to analyze the existence of the Dyson sphere which proved out to be in vain, but in the year 2015 an astronomer in Yale University, Tabetha Boyajian found a star called tabby (named after him) flickering and many suggested that this would correlate to the presence of a Dyson Sphere but the theories were set aside in 2018, as many have laid alternative reasons for the light source's flickering behavior. The Gaia mission can also be used to show the presence of these extra massive structures. The project requires huge engineering profess and also indicates better sustainability for earth beings. Though they have been not found but are depicted in movies, series, and many others that showcase the experience of life that is possible only after a few million years.
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Tags : #Dyson sphere #Future civilizations