A political party refers to a group or association of persons who come together with the purpose of holding candidature for elections, every party has its policies and principles that they follow. India has surprisingly 2598 parties, as individuals are free to form parties there are a number of political parties who desire to hold some power in government. Though there are so many parties the stake is only held by few contenders, hence some countries like China have only a one-party system while others have two parties contesting for elections. Apart from this Multi-party system also exists that provides for numerous parties competing against one another, a multi-party system provides for a wider choice while the choice is limited in countries with one or two parties. The number of parties that a country has depends upon the nature, diversity, features, and requirements of its people. Some of the parties that are nationally recognized in our country are Indian National Congress, Communist Party of India Marxist, Bharatiya Janata Party, Indian National Congress, Bahujan Samaj Party, Nationalist Congress Party, Communist Party of India; all of these parties have their own stories of evolution and formation. As our country has a federal structure there are also many regional parties like the Forward Bloc, All India Anna DMK, Janata Dal, Lok Jan Shakti Party, Telugu Desam Party, and many more at the state level. But what do these parties do apart from contesting elections? they contribute towards the framing of laws, they also have a big role to play in creating or shaping the opinion of the public, they provide schemes for welfare, create systematic ideologies and mindsets through their general framework and machinery, they run the government and contribute towards many other activities. There are also certain problems pertaining to the party system in the country: because sometimes the voters are not able to choose within the ambit of parties available or simply are unable to find a choice that fits all the requirements, the democracy though being the pillar for many activities in the country the parties don't follow the system in their internal gamut as there would be few who hold a substantial part of power in these parties hence negating democracy, the result can also be following dynastic succession or monarchy system in these parties. The tussle for power can also be a major challenge faced by these parties; thereby sometimes even if we have thousands of parties a large part of it goes unnoticed or recognized. Hence, the key to the problem holds within the choice we take to identify the right, as each has its flaws but it can be rectified with good decisions.
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