Elections in different countries are conducted in different forms that are most suitable for their system or advantageous for the country. Voting systems that we find around us are as follows: Single transferable vote system: also called STV it is mostly used in Ireland, Australia, and other countries, in this system the number of representatives are elected by the people, and the individual casting to vote has to simply set the candidates in order of preferences such as 1, 2, 3, etc and the one who fulfills a set quota will win the elections. Alternative vote system: this is also known as Instant runoff voting, in this system the votes are not wasted and transferred to the next favorite candidate. Here the candidate who gets at least half of the votes shall win the election. Supplementary voting system: here only two favorite candidates for election can be marked, there are two boxes and in each box, one can enter 1st and 2nd preference, the one getting more than 50 percent of majority wins. Two round voting system: In this system two rounds of the election are held as the name suggests, voters mark their preferences and if a majority is obtained in the first round then the candidate is elected otherwise, the top candidates move to the second round where voters have to vote again. It is majorly used in France. Borda counting system: This system is similar to assigning marks to individuals, it is used in MP elections where voters order preferences but the last preferred shall get one point and the first preferred shall get the points based on the number of candidates contesting for election candidates for election. Additional member system: In this format, there are two ballots and one is for the member of the party and the other has party names contesting elections, the party's individual also submit their candidate's list- if there are more votes to a party their candidates are elected from the list. Apart from this, there are many other systems such as the party-list system, alterative vote plus system, multi-winner, proportional system, etc. Our country India uses the First past post system for voting in the country it is adopted from the Westminster model, in this method, the candidate represents their area for different constituencies and on the ballot paper there is one candidate from each party and the voters choose from them. Through this method, larger parties get favored and small parties don't own huge stakes. The elections can also be digitized to increase its reach and make it simpler, as elections form the choice of people for their representatives it is necessary that each one's opinion is counted and every person has knowledge of how the system works, for fair and true voting to be practiced.
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