In the last year's tense face-off between Indian and Chinese troops at Doklam, Modi and Xi underlined the importance of "maintaining peace and tranquility in the border region". To this effect, they will issue strategic guidance to their respective militaries to strengthen communication in order to build trust and mutual understanding. The two sides will also work together in implementing confidence-building measures which will help both the countries to grow together with peace.
As the West, led by the US, becomes increasingly inward-looking, emerging superpowers India and China must step up together and assume a more significant role in the world order. As such, stable and balanced relations between the two neighbors is vital and recognizing this, Modi and Xi decided to strengthen the Closer Development Partnership in a mutually beneficial and sustainable manner. This will be conducive to the development and prosperity of the people as well as the region.
Also, a major decision was taken during the course of the summit, the two leaders also agreed to undertake a joint economic project in Afghanistan, a first of its kind by India and China in the war-ravaged country.